The agriculturalsector in Gaboncurrently employs approximately 95% of the population, even though it only accounts for 5% of GDP.Food crops make up the majority of the country’s agricultural production.There are over 20 million hectares of unplanted arable land, representing a huge potential for new crops and equitable distribution.

the food crops grown in Gabon are:

  • Cassava,
  • Plantain bananas,
  • Ground nuts,
  • Cocoyams,
  • Yams,
  • Sweet potato
  • Maize.


Towards Gabon’s food self-sufficiency

President Ali Bongo Ondimba has decided to give priority to developing agriculture by producing staples in order to ensure food self-sufficiency, as he explains in section 5 of his agenda for social change: “Diversify the sources of growth and sustainable development”:

“We must build modern agriculture, fishing and fish-farming sectors to ensure our food security.”

Food security is a major development issue in Gabon but also in the whole African continent.This is why, at the Rome Summit on Food Security in November 2009, President Ali Bongo Ondimba announced the new directions Gabon’s policy would be taking in this domain:

“My country follows the problem issues of global food security attentively and in 2007 began to implement the pilot phase of a special food security programme with own funds, the technical support of the FAO, and Chinese cooperation.

Given its situation as a country that is a net importer of food products and the impact of price inflation on the purchasing power of the population, Gabon initiated a National Food Security Programme in 2010, for a period of five years.”